課 程 概 述
Course Description

課程編碼
Course Code
中文課程名稱
Course Name (Chinese)
英文課程名稱
Course Name (English)
總學分數
Credits
總時數
Hours
1410185 戲曲欣賞 An Introduction to Chinese Operas and Dramas 2.0 2
中文概述
Chinese Description
十二、三世紀之際(約當宋代中晚期),在北方金人統治地區,逐漸發展出以『諸宮調』為基礎之『雜劇』,在南方漢人統治地區,則發展出所謂之『南戲』,二者雖然結構略有不同,但均包括曲、白、科而呈現完整之戲劇型態。元人一統華夏後,雜劇以京城大都為中心,向南發展,流行全國,故後人多以之為元代文學之代表,南戲則相對較為消沈。迨至明初,雜劇式微而南戲復興,大盛於明代之『傳奇』,即是南戲改良後之成果。及清人入主,各地方劇種紛紛出現,不僅百態紛呈,亦且成為中華文化之重要表徵;惟至二十世紀中葉後,電影、電視興起,傳統戲劇始不得不退居二線。本課程除介紹戲劇之演進過程外,尤著重於各時期重要作品之賞析,並旁及其結構、搬演,及歷史、文化層次之探討,期使修課者能對我國之戲劇有一較全面之認識。
英文概述
English Description
In around 12th and 13th century, the miscellaneous operas--based on the "zhugongdiao" (approximately meaning various modes of music) music forms-rapid comes into being in the Northern areas ruled by JIN ethnic groups. While at the same time, in the Southern areas dominated by the HAN ethnic groups, another form of operas-named after Nan Xi (literally meaning operas of the south )-show up. These two kinds operas, though drastically different in structures, are both able to present a complete set of factors required by operas and dramas: musical themes, dialogues and subjects all included. During Yuan Dynasty, when the greater China was politically integrated into a single entity, miscellaneous operas, with the capital city as a base, continue to develop to the South and thus become popular around the whole country. This explains why the operas in Yuan Dynasty takes the most dominant role in the Yuan literature. Nan Xi, on the other hand, takes less importance. In the early Ming Dynasty,

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