||A circular economy is a regenerative system in which resource input and waste, emission, and energy leakage are minimised by slowing, closing, and narrowing material and energy loops. This can be achieved through long-lasting design, maintenance, repair, reuse, remanufacturing, refurbishing, and recycling. This is contrast to a linear economy which is a 'take, make, dispose' model of production. This course, further, contributes to the optimising systems rather than components, or the notion of ˇĄdesign for fitˇ¦. As a generic notion it draws from a number of more specific approaches including novel material, plastic, polymer, textile, and the cicular economy. Additional benefit to students is learning of Sustainable Development.