||As is viewed from the human history, a certain active form in life--once repeated constantly--eventually turns into a conventional norm. The forms, if classified as fine or elaborate, are regulated in the format of rituals and then become well-accepted ritual. There used to be four customs in the ancient China: manhood, marriage, funeral, and worship. For each individual stage of a life, beginning from the birth of a man, through the years of growing up and building a family until the ending point of it, a complete system of rituals are constituted to reveal due concern and respect to life as it is. By studying and discussion of these rituals, this course explores the spiritual significance hidden behind, trying to help further understand the Chinese civilization which pays more emphasis on ethics, logic and humanities on the one hand, and on the other hand, to build up new rituals in accordance with the modern society and people and to help people realize the significance of life.